Port of Santos: Latin America’s largest port
The Port of Santos moved 96 million tons of cargo in
2010, a 15.4% increase over 2009. CODESP, the port authority,
is overseeing an ambitious plan to modernize and expand
the port's capacity with the help of private sector investment
economy continues to rapidly advance, registering 7.5% GDP growth
last year, so too does the need for its transportation network
to likewise develop full steam ahead to deal with the nation's
increasing trade and commercial activity.
hosting two of the worlds biggest sporting events in the
next few years the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the 2016 Olympics
has added further impetus to enhancing the republics
ports, airports, urban roads and rail infrastructure. So, as part
of its accelerated growth programs, PAC 1 and PAC 2, Brazil plans
to invest US$562 billion on boosting its infrastructure by 2014,
with 30% to 40% of the total expected to come from the private
of Brazils foreign trade is handled by its ports. In 2007,
the creation of the Special Secretariat for Ports (SEP) stimulated
a great national movement for government officials and businessmen
to raise efficiency and capacity at the countrys maritime
gateways. Various upgrade programs have already taken place and
are ongoing, including dredging works to deepen the ports to accommodate
bigger vessels, such as the super-post-Panamax container ships.
The government has earmarked US$900 million for a national dredging
program, and US$1 billion on improving port infrastructure and
most important is the Port of Santos. It is located just 38 miles
from São Paulo, the most industrialized region in the southern
hemisphere and also the largest consumer and producer market in
Latin America. The Port of Santos has experienced constant annual
growth and this year anticipates breaking the 100 million tons
mark, reaching 101 million tons of cargo handled by the end of
2011. Port authority CODESP, Companhia Docas do Estado de São
Paulo, aims to increase the ports throughput capacity over
the next five years to 10 million TEUs (twenty-foot equivalent
An image of what the BTP terminal will look like once
the works are completed
Santos Brasil manages aproximately 25% of total containerized
cargo in Brazil
The Tecondi terminal is undergoing important expansion
works to increase capacity
already started expanding and building new terminals large enough
to manage that kind of volume, financed by the private sector.
The project as a whole includes dredging the port, modernizing
the eight miles of dock space, and expanding the port and its
facilities to almost double its capacity, says Jose Roberto
Correia Serra (INTERVIEW),
president of CODESP. We have two ongoing projects. First,
we are creating a dock for cruise ships with a passenger station
in the part of the port that has cruise attractions. This project
will be completed by the 2014 World Cup. Second, we are significantly
revitalizing the historical area of the port, and making it into
a large cruise ship terminal. This project will likely be completed
shortly after the World Cup, and will make the Port of Santos
one of the most modern cruise ship terminals in the world.
of Santos is the largest sugar and orange juice exporter in the
world. The port complex also stands out in the shipment of coffee,
soybeans and pellets, ethanol, vehicles and manufactured goods.
It is responsible for over a quarter of Brazils trade balance.
Thanks to privatization, the bids for the terminals and their
focused operations have given rise to growth throughout the entire
port system. Today virtually 100% of Brazilian port operations
are in the hands of private companies, says Antonio Carlos
Duarte Sepulveda (INTERVIEW),
president of Santos Brasil, which operates the Tecon of Santos
container terminal. Brazil has begun adopting rules of transparency
and this has attracted private investment not only from Brazilian
investors, but also American, British, and German investors.
offers loading and unloading services, such as berth-related services;
backyard-related services, including the warehousing of import
and export containers and lots; and other services comprising
handling and delivery of containers to dry ports, and handling
go beyond unloading the ship, stocking the cargo in the yard,
and delivering it to the client. We try to make the clients loyal
to the port terminal by offering a wide range of services. Today
60% of our revenue comes from port operations like loading and
unloading ships, while 40% comes from logistics products,
says Mr. Sepulveda.
operated container terminals and provided logistics solutions
at the Port of Santos for more than 10 years.
have a very specific and strong focus on port operations and cargo
storage, and we have a sister company that is also located on
the dock and offers storage facilities and services, says
Luiz Araujo (INTERVIEW),
commercial director of Tecondi. The joint efforts of our
companies offer a series of services for various world-renowned
clients, among them DHL, who has been our customer for over nine
years, Panalpina, and Schenker. Not to mention the shipowners
themselves, who are also part of our clientele.
an emphasis on technology and all of its operations are computerized,
playing a part in the drive to make Santos a paper-free
port. Mr. Araujo says, Tecondi has developed a management
system for shipyards and terminals, and an efficient administrative
system that coordinates the yards. This was done to increase productivity
and minimize cost, as well as reduce unnecessary movement in the
is located right in the entrance of the port, a privileged spot,
close to major highways and directly connected to railroads, allowing
for fast and safe cargo handling.
says, I would like to see Tecondi develop in terms of logistics,
which can be somewhat complicated. Logistics involves road transport,
which carries several financial implications that can be difficult.
As a whole, the process is interesting, but also extremely challenging.
regulations in Brazil are some of the most rigorous in the world
with regards to preserving forests and waterways. Responsible
environmental management and continuous innovation are cornerstones
of operations at Brasil Terminal Portuario (BTP), headed by executive
director Henry James Robinson. Incorporated in 2007, BTP is part
of Europe Terminal NV, an international conglomerate with over
20 years experience. It will build and operate a new terminal,
slated to commence operations next year and have three berths
for vessels of up to 9,000 TEUs. It represents a total investment
of US$1 billion in environmental remediation and other construction
work to create one of the worlds most modern facilities.